Gladue panel standards

Aboriginal identity: Justice programs & services for Aboriginal clients in Ontario

1. Aboriginal Legal Services

1.1 Court Worker Program

Aboriginal court workers explain legal rights and obligations to their clients. They assist in securing legal counsel, finding interpreters if they are needed, assist with pre-sentence reports, bail hearings, and referrals.

Aboriginal Legal Services operates Aboriginal criminal, family and youth court worker programs in Toronto. Aboriginal criminal court workers attend all the Toronto area criminal courts. The family and youth court workers are located at family court at 311 Jarvis and also can go to other courts if necessary.

More information is available at:

1.2 Legal Clinic

The Legal Clinic serves people in a variety of areas including: Housing, ODSP/OW, Indian Act Matters, Canada Pension, Disability, Police Complaints, Criminal Injuries Compensation, and Human Rights. Referrals to Lawyers on other matters including criminal and family law can be arranged.

The Legal Clinic is a community legal aid clinic, funded by Legal Aid Ontario, which provides free legal assistance to low income Aboriginal people living in the City of Toronto.

The Clinic is involved in law reform, community organising, public legal education, and test case litigation.

Intake for the legal clinic takes place: 10:00 a.m. to 3:00 p.m. on Monday, Wednesday and Friday

Please note that the Legal Clinic is not able to respond to inquiries it receives via e-mail. If you have an issue you would like to discuss with one of the clinic staff, please call during intake hours and ask to speak to the intake worker. Please call: 416-408-4041

1.3 Community Council Program

The Community Council is a criminal diversion program for Aboriginal offenders - adult and youth - who live in Toronto. The project takes Aboriginal offenders out of the criminal justice system and brings them before members of the Aboriginal community. The members of the Council are men and women who represent a cross-section of Toronto's Aboriginal community. The focus of the Community Council is to develop a plan by consensus that will allow the offender to take responsibility for his/her actions, address the root causes of the problem, an reintegrate him/her into the community in a positive way.

More information on the Community Council Program can be found here:

1.4 Giiwedin Anang Council (Aboriginal Alternative Dispute Resolution)

The Giiwedin Anang Council is a Aboriginal Alternative Dispute Resolution program for families involved in the child welfare system. The Council is made up of a selection of Volunteers from the Aboriginal Community in Toronto.

For more information:
416 408 3967 x 275

2. Grand Council Treaty #3

2.1 Anishinaabe Alternative Dispute Resolution Program

Grand Council Treaty #3 offers a community-based alternative dispute resolution program for child protection matters available to members of Grand Council Treaty #3.

Coordinator: Robert Nelson
807-548-4214 ext. 240
P.O. Box 1720
Kenora, ON P9N 3X7


Justice Director: Arthur Huminuk

3. John Howard Society

3.1 Adult Programming

  • Native Services Program (Adults)

    The Society supervises probation orders for Aboriginal adults residing in London, and the three reserves, Muncee Delaware Nation, Chippewa of the Thames Nation and Oneida Nation of the Thames. The Native services workers incorporate traditional Aboriginal approaches in their work. The workers also complete pre-sentence reports and pre-parole investigations. The program is funded by the Ministry of Correctional Services and Community Safety.

  • Gladue Court

    In collaboration with the court and other agencies serving aboriginal people, the Society is supporting the establishment of a Gladue Court in London. One of the Society’s native services workers attends court held bi-weekly and participates in training court officials and recommending appropriate referrals for accused persons.

For a full Listing of Adult Programs available from the John Howard Society across the province please click here (published in 2013) for more up to date information visit the John Howard Society website:

4. Youth Programming

4.1 Native Services Program (Youth)

The Society supervises probation orders for Aboriginal youth residing in London, Woodstock, St. Thomas, and the three reserves, Muncee Delaware Nation, Chippewa of the Thames Nation and Oneida Nation of the Thames. The Native services workers incorporate traditional Aboriginal approaches in their work with youth. The workers also complete pre-sentence reports and assist youth in completing community service orders. The program is funded by the Ministry of Children and Youth.

4.2 Attendance Centre Program

The Sarnia Affiliate operates an Attendance Centre Program servicing medium- to high-risk youth in the Sarnia Lambton Community. The Program had its origins some 14 years ago as an “alternative to Custody” pilot project under the auspices of the (then) Ministry of Community and Social Services and the Young Offenders Act.

In brief, the program accepts all referrals emanating from the Youth Court and Probation Services. Clients attend Monday to Friday, taking part in group and individual programming. Programming is varied and addresses numerous relevant topics including, but not limited to, anger management, positive communication skills, relationships, peers, general social development, addictions and substance abuse, etc. (these are only a few of numerous program topics delivered as needed and appropriate). The curriculum has been expanded to include Structured Relapse Prevention and enhanced Aboriginal-specific programming dealing with cultural and other issues of significance to First Nations youth. Professionally developed materials and resources are used as the basis for programming, as are ones that are developed in-house.

4.3. Enhanced Extrajudicial Sanctions (EJS) Program

This program, available in Sudbury, provides community-based post-charge sanctions, specifically for First Nations and Aboriginal youth. It is similar to the Extrajudicial Sanctions service.

Consequences give the youth a cultural focus as they are based on Aboriginal specific programming and activities that the youth is able to complete. These consequences include apologies and reparation to the victim, participation in cultural sessions such as pow-wows, support work with First Nations elders, meetings with a medicine man and the like. It is a field based, not office based strategy. Funded by the Ministry of Children and Youth Services.

4.4 Remote Aboriginal Intervention Program

This program is delivered in fly in First Nations communities and is offered out of the Thunder Bay Affiliate. Aboriginal youth in conflict with the law are supported by Community Intervention workers who support youth and deliver the program. The program aims to provide the following services:

  • Responsivity to Aboriginal Cultural Issues:

    • To develop, organize and involve young persons in appropriate community program activities (i.e. community service orders, restitution and extrajudicial sanctions), encouraging the use of more traditional alternatives wherever possible.

  • Community Development:

    • To develop community awareness and provide input and participation in community youth justice program activities.

    • To model positive behaviour in the community and strive to engage clients in activities that will benefit the community as a whole.

  • Support Services:

    • In conjunction with the Case Manager, assist in the referral of youth to appropriate agencies, programs and services for support, treatment, counseling, etc. in accordance with the Case Management Plan.

    • To assist with discharge planning for young persons in custody, including the provision of information relevant to reintegration leaves or discharge plans.

    • To assist referred youth to develop short- and/or long-term plans/goals related to the Case Management Plan.

    • To act as a community contact for ongoing communication between the Case Manager and community representatives.

This program is funded by the Ministry of Children & Youth Services.

For a full Listing of Youth Programs available from the John Howard Society across the province please click here (published in 2013) for more up to date information visit the John Howard Society website:

5. Métis Nation of Ontario (MNO)

To carry out the work outlined in The Statement of Prime Purpose, the MNO established a province-wide infrastructure to deliver programs and services for Métis people in Ontario, in the areas of healing and wellness, education, labour market development, housing, Duty to Consult and Accommodate, community relations, traditional knowledge, intergovernmental relations, economic development, finance, communications, human resources and information technology. Directed through seven branches, the MNO employs over 100 people located in communities across Ontario. While staff is distributed widely, the MNO is always looking for opportunities to open offices in more communities.

5.1 Programs & Services

A listing of the MNO offices and services available at each office is available the MNO website:

Please note that all citizenship and harvester inquires must go to the Registry Branch in the Ottawa office. The toll free number for Registry is 1-855-798-1006.

6. Nishnawbe-Aski Legal Services Corporation (NALSC)

6.1 Eligibility

Nishnawbe-Aski Legal Services was created to serve the members of the Nishnawbe Aski Nation (NAN). NAN is comprised of 49 First Nations in Ontario.

To access our programs and services, clients MUST be a member from a First Nation in the NAN territory. Please see First Nations Served or Find a NAN Legal Worker to find member First Nations and the NALSC Staff Member serving each community.

6.2 Programs and services

Nishnawbe-Aski Legal Services (NALSC) offers the following programs and services:

6.2.1 Community Learning HUB

The Community Learning HUB is a digital suite of programs that enhances the way life skills are delivered to youth and young adults. This innovative tool engages the participant to use the touch-screen technology, leaving both the facilitator and the participants feeling more connected and energized.

Programs offered from the HUB:

  • Northern Ontario Substance Abuse Program
  • Northern Ontario Anger Management Program
  • Employment Program
  • Cultural Teachings
  • Girls Group
  • Financial Literacy

The HUB can be delivered to a room full of participants in a workshop setting that utilizes a projector or a Smart Board, or on a one-to-one basis using a Dell 27” touch screen computer.

6.2.2 Gladue Workers

There are three Gladue Workers at Nishnawbe-Aski Legal Services Corporation (NALSC), who prepare Gladue reports for qualifying First Nation members from Nishnawbe Aski Nation (NAN).

The Gladue Workers are based out of NALSC offices located in Thunder Bay, Sioux Lookout and Timmins.

The Role of a Gladue Worker is:

  • To prepare and complete a Gladue report, at the bail stage or sentencing stage, when a request is approved

  • To interview the Aboriginal offender about his/her background information; his/her immediate & extended family members; and others from his/her community

  • To make recommendations for alternative sentencing, other than imprisonment, e.g. restorative justice, healing circles or culturally appropriate treatment options

6.2.3 Legal Aid

NALSC Legal Aid helps low income people with certain legal matters. NALSC Legal Aid has the authority to issue legal aid certificates to qualifying Band members from the Nishnawbe Aski Nation (NAN) First Nation communities in northern Ontario.

  • Advice Lawyer

    The Advice Lawyer provides brief service or short summary legal advice to qualifying Band members of NAN First Nations. This legal service applies only to questions for qualifying legal issues.

    The Advice Lawyer is available on Monday, Wednesday and Friday from 1pm-5pm EST.

    Contact the Advice Lawyer

  • Duty Counsel

    Nishnawbe-Aski Legal Services Legal Aid provides Duty Counsel - on the day before court day (Advance Day) and on the Court Day - to assist people who appear in Court without a lawyer.

    Duty Counsel also assists people, in the community, by providing summary legal advice on a variety of legal issues.

    Duty Counsel services include:

    • summary legal advice without a fee, and
    • assistance with legal and government forms
  • Community Legal Workers

    Community Legal Workers (CLWs) provide legal, paralegal, and law-related services to the band members of Nishnawbe Aski Nation (NAN).

    CLWs work with justice personnel and NAN communities. They help clients with legal matters, and are often the first point of contact for clients in the court process. They help clients apply for Legal Aid and to find a lawyer.

    CLWs help clients through the justice system and to understand the legal process.

    CLWs function as:

    • Court workers
    • Interpreters for clients, Duty Counsel, and defense lawyers
    • Commissioners of Oaths for Swearing Affidavits
    • Links between NALSC and the First Nation communities.

    CLWs work with the Advice Lawyer, and assist with the Public Legal Education program.

    Some of the CLWs reside in the communities they serve. Other CLWs have office locations in Sioux Lookout, Thunder Bay or Timmins.

    The CLWs speak the language of the communities they serve.

    For a Listing of Community Legal Workers, Contact Information, and Communities Served, please click here.

6.2.4 Public Legal Education

The Public Legal Education program works to improve the quality and delivery of justice in the NAN communities. The PLE program serves the 49 First Nations which are part of the Nishnawbe Aski Nation. The goal of the PLE program is to:

  • Inform and educate the Band members of NAN about the law and Euro-Canadian justice system

  • Inform and educate the Band members of NAN about their rights and obligations within the legal system

6.2.5 Restorative Justice

In 1990, Nishnawbe-Aski Legal Services Corporation (NALSC) received direction from the Chiefs of Treaty No. 9 to create and promote alternative and community-based justice systems for its members. The Restorative Justice Program was created in 1996, and it is this mandate received from the Chiefs that NALSC delivers by providing Restorative Justice to 24 of the 49 First Nation communities in the Nishnawbe Aski Nation territory.

The Restorative Justice program deals with:

  • Young offenders
  • Adults
  • Pre-charge diversions
  • Post-charge diversions
  • Community situations, such as bullying in the schools

The Community Youth Justice Initiative (Youth Justice) is geared towards youth ages 12-17.

NALSC employs two Restorative Justice Managers, a Restorative Justice Assistant, four Restorative Justice Workers, and three Youth Justice Workers to deliver on the Restorative and Youth Justice programs to the NAN communities.

For a Contact Information, a Listing of Restorative Justice Workers, and Communities Served, please click here.

6.2.6 Talking Together

Talking Together is a restorative approach for dealing with child welfare issues. The program is an alternative dispute resolution option created in 2002 to address the child welfare needs of families from the NAN communities. The Talking Together Program is a process based on traditional circles. Circles were used since time immemorial to restore harmony between family members.

The goal of the Talking Together is to bring participants together to discuss family problems in a non-judgmental way. The Circle is composed of family members, front line workers, agency representatives, community elders and representatives.

In the Circle, participants look at who has been affected and how they have been affected by the problems that the family is experiencing. Secondly, in the Circle, participants are asked: what can be done? If an agreement is reached, it is used as the basis for the Plan of Care, and filed with the Court.

The Talking Together Program deals with apprehended children and their families, who are from a NAN First Nation. The program services both on and off reserve Band members. NALSC employs a Talking Together Manager, a Talking Together Assistant, and four Talking Together Facilitators to deliver the Talking Together Program to the NAN communities.

For a Contact Information, a Listing of Talking Together Facilitators and Communities Served, please click here.

To access a referral form, please click here.

6.2.7 Victim Witness Liaison

The Victim Witness Liaison (VWL) program helps victims and witnesses by providing information and support, making referrals to community and government agencies, and liaising with court personnel.

The VWL program handles all cases pertaining to criminal law. Victim Witness Liaisons cannot contact or assist a perpetrator (offender). They only assist with the victims and witnesses and/or those who are assisting victims and witnesses.

NALSC employs a Victim Witness Liaison Coordinator, Victim Witness Liaison-East, and Victim Witness Liaison-West to serve the NAN communities. They are located in Thunder Bay, Timmins and Sioux Lookout to best serve their clients.

For a Listing of Victim Witness Liaison workers, Contact Information, and Communities Served, please click here.

6.2.8 Youth Intervention Initiative

The Community Youth Intervention Initiative (CYII) works with Aboriginal youth in conflict with the law. The Community Youth Intervention Worker (CYIW) works closely with probation officers, and operates as a linkage between youth and probation officers. The CYIW also works with community members including the leadership and the community Education Authority.

The program is available to:

  • Youth between the ages of 12-17
  • Youth who have been in trouble with the law and are on probation
  • Youth who want to turn their life around
  • Youth who have a court mandated order to complete
  • Youth who require assistance in completing or finding placements to complete court mandated orders

For a Listing of Community Youth Intervention Workers, and Communities Served, please click here.

6.2.9 Youth Justice

The Community Youth Justice Initiative is modelled after the Restorative Justice program. Diversions are received from the courts, police and probation officers. Once a diversion is received, the Community Youth Justice Worker (CYJW) begins to plan for a Circle to take place. In the Circle, the youth is given the opportunity to understand his/her behaviour, and how it affected others around them.

Victims, offenders and the community are involved in this process. CYJWs facilitate healing circles to work towards a resolution that provides for making amends, healing and successful re-integration into the community while preventing further harm. Proper follow-up and monitoring is made to ensure that the youth fulfil their undertakings pursuant to the Circle Agreement.

Participation by all parties (victim, offender, etc.) must be voluntary. The program is available to:

  • Youth between the ages of 12-17 at the time of pre-charge or post-charge diversion

  • Youth who are in trouble with the law

  • Youth who want to turn their life around

  • Youth who are serious about taking responsibility for and being accountable for their actions and behaviour

For criminal matters, Circles are most commonly used as a pre-charge diversion - at the investigating officer’s discretion.

For post-charge diversions, the Crown Attorney will carefully consider all of the circumstances of the particular charge before deciding whether the offence may be referred to the Youth Justice Program.

  • Pre-Charge:

    • Theft
    • Assault
    • Break and Enter
    • Breaches
    • Bullying
    • Uttering Threats
  • Post Charge:


For a Listing of Community Youth Justice Workers, and Communities Served, please click here.

7. Ontario Federation of Indigenous Friendship Centres

The Ontario Federation of Indigenous Friendship Centres (OFIFC) is a provincial Aboriginal organization representing the collective interests of member Friendship Centres located in towns and cities across the province. Friendship Centres are not-for-profit corporations which are mandated to serve the needs of all Aboriginal people regardless of legal definition, and are the primary service delivery agents for Aboriginal people requiring culturally-sensitive and culturally-appropriate services in urban communities.

7.1 Children and Youth

  • Aboriginal Healthy Babies Healthy Children (AHBHC)

    The Aboriginal Healthy Babies Healthy Children Program (AHBHC) is designed to provide Aboriginal families healthy opportunities for the development of their children (0—6 years of age) through education, family home visiting, service coordination and referrals. It is a voluntary program open to any Aboriginal family who requests the service; the program ensures that families have access and support, inclusive of early intervention and prevention services.

  • Akwe:go: Urban Aboriginal Children’s Program

    The Akwe:go Urban Aboriginal Children’s Program aims to improve the quality of life of urban Aboriginal children (ages 7—12 years) through the delivery of appropriate activities and services. Traditional cultural teachings and values are the guiding principles through client-based programming and individualized one-on-one supports that encourage healthy lifestyle choices. The program focus is on enhancing the skills, knowledge, attitudes and values that will demonstrate positive personal choices and develop awareness of the consequences of negative behaviours.

  • Children’s Mental Health Project (CMHP)

    The Children’s Mental Health Project (CMHP) provides services and support to children (ages 7-15) and their families that address behavioural and mental health needs. There are five programs in Friendship Centres across Ontario; Fort Frances, Thunder Bay, Cochrane, Sudbury, and Niagara. CMHP offers a “wraparound” approach to provide services that build community-based relationships and support networks between children and their families, teachers, and other caregivers.

  • Children Who Witness Violence (CWWV) Program

    The Children Who Witness Violence Program (CWWV) provides children (ages 7 – 14 years), who have witnessed violence or currently are witnessing violence (physical, mental, emotional, and spiritual) with cultural resources, education, knowledge and personal support to return to optimal levels of understanding, reasoning and functioning. The program provides one-on-one counseling, culture based group sessions, family group workshops, and group interventions for children who have been exposed to violence.

  • Cultural Connections for Aboriginal Youth (CCAY)

    Cultural Connections for Aboriginal Youth (CCAY) initiatives are youth designed and led projects for urban Aboriginal youth (ages 10 to 24), designed to support youth economic, social and personal prospects. Projects are made available each year across the province to Friendship Centres and community based Aboriginal organizations where grants for projects are developed, designed and driven by urban Aboriginal youth.

  • Wasa-Nabin: Urban Aboriginal Youth Program

    Wasa-Nabin is a self-development program for Urban Aboriginal at-risk youth (ages 13-18). By accessing the services and supports offered by the Wasa-Nabin program, youth will learn goal setting, leadership skills development, and how to make healthy choices, ultimately leading to healthier lifestyles and personal success. Activities are culturally appropriate, and directed to improve interpersonal skills, knowledge, attitudes, and enhance values, to promote personal well-being.

7.2 Education to Employment

  • Alternative Secondary School Program in Friendship Centres (ASSP)

    Friendship Centres partner with local district school boards to offer high school curriculum, cultural supports, life skills and other services as required, and connect students to the support of the Friendship Centre and the urban Aboriginal community. ASSPs in Friendship Centres are innovative, locally developed programs that assist urban Aboriginal students personalize their learning so they can achieve their goals, including graduating with an Ontario Secondary School Diploma.

  • Apatisiwin

    With 26 local service delivery sites across the province, Apatisiwin is the largest provider of employment and training services for urban Aboriginal people in Ontario. Apatisiwin's Employment Counsellors provide community-based and one-to-one supports and resources, and can assist clients to access a range of training, education and skills development opportunities.

7.3 Family

7.4 Healing

  • Healing and Wellness Program

    Healing and Wellness programs are located throughout Ontario at 27 Friendship Centres and 1 Delivery Site. The Healing and Wellness Coordinators provide support to community members through family violence support services, individual healing and wellness needs, and accessing traditional services and supports. These services are available on a one-to-one basis or in a group setting where action plans are developed to help meet short-term and long-term goals of participants.

  • Health Outreach Program

    Health Outreach Programs are located throughout Ontario at 11 Friendship Centres and are located in areas that do not have Aboriginal Health Access Centres. Health Outreach Workers ensure that the health needs of community members are addressed in a cultural and holistic way that addresses the physical, mental, emotional, and spiritual aspects of individuals. These services are available on a one-to-one basis or in a group setting where action plans are developed to help meet short and long-term goals of participants.

  • Kanawayhitowin

    Kanawayhitowin is an Aboriginal initiative that raises awareness of the signs of woman abuse in our communities so that people who are close to an at-risk woman or an abusive man can provide support.

    Kanawayhitowin is a Cree word which in English translates to ‘Taking Care of Each Others’ Spirit’. This Aboriginal initiative has been adapted from the Neighbours, Friends and Family campaign in the Province of Ontario to reflect a traditional and cultural approach to community healing and wellness. This project is funded by the Ontario Women’s Directorate.

  • Kizhaay Anishinaabe Niin

    Kizhaay Anishnaabe Niin is an initiative created to provide an opportunity for communities to engage Aboriginal men and youth in understanding violence against Aboriginal women and support them in joining together to end the violence. Kizhaay Anishinaabe Niin is an Ojibway phrase that translates to “I Am a Kind Man”.

7.5 Health

  • Aboriginal Diabetes Program

    The Aboriginal Diabetes Program provides educational resources to prevent and manage Type 2 diabetes; an illness that is largely affecting the Aboriginal population and communities. The program encourages healthy living through physical activity, and healthy nutrition workshops. Workshops are available in Friendship Centres and provide an interactive learning environment for participants to learn about the aspects of health

  • Addictions and Mental Health Programs

    Addictions and Mental Health programs offer a cultural space for individuals with mental health and addictions issues to find the help they need in moving towards a healthier lifestyle. There are 16 addictions and mental health workers in Friendship Centres and individuals of all ages can access programs. The program also works to make better connections between urban Aboriginal communities and non-Aboriginal health services. This is done by educating non-Aboriginal staff about the specific needs of Aboriginal people and creating partnerships to connect them with the Friendship Centre.

  • Life Long Care Program

    The Life Long Care Program provides services and care for people of all ages that have physical disabilities, serious health issues, or those who are frail and/or elderly. The goal of the program is to assist program participants in stabilizing their health. Assistance with the coordination of medical appointments, transportation, prevention of isolation through interaction and social activities, referrals and advocacy to access community supports. Services can be provided on a short-term or long-term basis and will be determined through an intake and assessment process.

  • Urban Aboriginal Healthy Living Program

    The Urban Aboriginal Healthy Living program promotes and supports healthier lifestyles for urban Aboriginal people. The program creates opportunities for community members to learn about healthy lifestyles and participate in active living activities. The program provides the urban Aboriginal community with hands on experience through interactive workshops, healthy nutrition information, cooking classes, fitness training, smoking cessation support, sport and recreational activities, all to introduce healthier options and alternatives to an overall healthy lifestyle.

7.6 Justice

  • Aboriginal Combined Courtwork Program

    Combined Courtworkers are located in 13 locations and guide Aboriginal adults and youth charged with a criminal offence, Aboriginal families involved in family court, and Aboriginal families involved in the child welfare system.

  • Aboriginal Criminal Courtwork Program

    The Aboriginal Criminal Courtwork Program assists accused offenders to better understand their rights, options and responsibilities when appearing before the courts, through the guidance of a Courtworker. Aboriginal Courtworkers are not Lawyers and do not give legal advice. They are Courtworkers and advocates who speak on a person’s behalf if they can’t or won’t speak for themselves while involved in the criminal justice system.

  • Aboriginal Community Justice Program

    The Aboriginal Community Justice Program provides an alternative to court for Aboriginal adults and youth that have acquired criminal charges.

    In communities where these programs exist, Aboriginal accused have the option to apply to have their charges diverted (deferred) out of the courts and placed into the Aboriginal Community Justice Program. Each program has an operational protocol agreement with their local Crown Attorney’s office that outlines the process, the charge types, and eligibility requirements to participate in the program.

  • Aboriginal Family Courtwork Program

    The Aboriginal Family Courtwork Program assists Aboriginal youth involved in the criminal justice system, separating couples involved in family court and Aboriginal families dealing with child welfare matters, to navigate the court process, through the guidance of a Courtworker. Aboriginal Courtworkers are not Lawyers and do not give legal advice. Courtworkers are advocates who speak on a person’s behalf if they can’t or won’t speak for themselves while involved in the criminal justice system.

  • Gladue Writer

    The Gladue Writer supports Aboriginal accused (adults and youth) and justice personnel in applying the sentencing principles set out in section 718.2 (e) of the Criminal Code of Canada and section 38 (2) (d) of the Youth Criminal Justice Act. Both legislative acts indicate a court that imposes a sentence shall also take into consideration the following principles:

    1. All available sanctions other than imprisonment that are reasonable in the circumstances should be considered for all offenders, with particular attention to the circumstances of aboriginal offenders.
  • Programs and Services Directory (Locations)

    A detailed listing of programs and services available in each Friendship Centre in the province is available here.

8. Southern First Nation Secretariat

8.1 Roster for Conflict Resolution

Southern First Nation Secretariat offers a community-based alternative dispute resolution for conflicts in member communities. For more information please contact:

Southern First Nation Secretariat
Roster for Conflict Resolution
22361 Austin Line, Bothwell
or visit

9. Tungasuvvingat Inuit

9.1 Cultural Education Programming

Tungasuvvingat Inuit’s Cultural Education Programming provides accessible, community-based, culturally relevant activities for Inuit of all ages and offers sharing and learning opportunities for the greater community, as well.

9.2 Mamisarvik Healing Centre and Transition House

Mamisarvik is a national, Inuit-specific, eight-week (53-day), residential and day program for women and men aged 18 and older. It is recognized throughout the country as a centre of excellence. It is the primary model for Inuit, evidence-based, trauma-and-addiction treatment in Canada and was an early leader in the field’s movement toward trauma-informed recovery.

A telephone call to the Intake and Assessment Worker at 613-563-3546, Ext 202, or an e-mail to is all it takes to launch your healing journey at any time.

9.3 Family Resource Centre Programming

Family Resource Centre Programming focuses on families and promotes the healthy development of young children (0-six years). Our Housing Support team assesses clients’ housing needs and assists clients in acquiring housing.

  • Parenting Program (Canadian Action Program for Children)

    The Parenting Program is conducted in six-week cycles in a culturally appropriate setting. It provides a healthy lunch, together with traditional teachings. Guest speakers present on a variety of topics such as public health, legal issues, parenting workshops and personal health care. Inuit elders also share their traditional teachings. This is a parent-driven program, based on the needs voiced by our clients. During breaks in programming, we offer a parent drop-in, which provides free play for the kids in partnership with Tungasuvvingat Inuit Sports and Recreation program, which engages the community in organized physical activities.

  • Pre-Post-Natal Program (Canadian Pre-Post-Natal Program)

    Tungasuvvingat Inuit’s program offers support for pregnant parents and new parents for children up to 18 months old. A healthy lunch suitable for expectant mothers and young children is provided. Discussion topics include the different stages of pregnancy and infant development. Discussions are parent -driven and we invite guest speakers, such as nurses, Ottawa Public Health representatives, diabetes workers and community elders.

  • Relief Care Program

    Tungasuvvingat Inuit’s Relief Care Program is for children aged six months to six years. The program offers support for parents by providing childcare relief with trained staff in a safe and culturally appropriate environment. We offer a healthy lunch and snacks. Staff interacts with the children by assisting them with fine and gross motor skills.Tungasuvvingat Inuit’s Family Resource Centre has a fenced -in back yard for outdoor play.

  • Supervised Access Visits

    The FRC offers supervised access visits for children that are in care. The centre is a culturally appropriate setting for families, where parents and children feel comfortable. Parents feel more at ease with the support of Inuktitut-speaking workers, who help to organize and plan visitations and ensure that the rights of parents are respected.

  • Additional Services

    FRC staff performs a multitude of ancillary supports and services to the Inuit community, including supervised home visits, outreach at community events, interpretation and translation, transportation, court support and liaison, and referral services with numerous agencies.

9.4 Employment Services Team

The Employment Services Team works with job seekers, employers and government programs to bring the right people together with the resources they need for success.

9.5 Community Support Program

With a focus on counselling families with children in care and Violence against Women initiatives, Tungasuvvingat Inuit’s Community Support Program provides short-term counselling, crisis intervention, justice system and legal supports and health-care support.

9.6 Homelessness Services

  • Housing First

    Tungasuvvingat Inuit’s Housing First program serves clients who are chronically or episodically homeless, and who are at different stages of housing stability.

    The goal of the program is to house people, and then support them. Once housed, individuals may benefit from life skills training, budgeting classes, skills upgrading, addiction treatment, and cultural practices that meet the individual’s needs.

    Tungasuvvingat Inuit’s Housing First team works directly with clients to devise an action plan appropriate to the individual’s needs. The team advocates for clients by liaising with landlords and other housing stakeholders, and provides referral to appropriate internal and external service providers.

  • Housing Support

    The Housing Support Program assists Inuit in transitioning to an urban setting and to prevent homelessness in Ottawa’s rapidly growing Inuit community.

    The Housing Support team helps to identify the clients’ housing needs and guides them in acquiring housing through the private market and/or Social Housing. The worker assists in housing searches, filling out housing application forms, and accompanying clients to apartment viewings and meetings with potential landlords. Inuit tenants can also request housing support with landlord-and-tenant issues, including eviction notices, rent-payment arrangements and hearings at the Landlord and Tenant Board.

    Ancillary Housing Support Services include the following:

    • Community Support – Identification: Clients are given assistance in applying for new or replacement ID, including birth certificates, OHIP cards, passports, NTI beneficiary cards, etc.

    • Non-Insured Health Benefits: Tungasuvvingat Inuit helps clients apply for Non-Insured Health Benefits and find clinics that accept patients covered under NIHB.

    • Transportation Support: Transportation support is provided for clients who have to travel long distances for their appointments. Directions and bus tickets are given to clients and, in some situations, clients are driven to and from their appointments by the Housing Support Worker.

    • Community Kitchen: The Community Kitchen is a weekly program focusing on communal food preparation, nutrition, and the importance of a healthy diet. Although there is some country food available occasionally, its purpose is to introduce Southern foods that Inuit are unfamiliar with. It also provides education about the nutritional value and preparation of these foods.

    • Food Security Program (Food and Clothing Banks): In partnership with the Ottawa Food Bank, Tungasuvvingat Inuit’s weekly Food Bank provides food for Inuit clients who have little or no income, who are homeless, or who are considered food insecure. Clients also have access to Tungasuvvingat Inuit’s Clothing Bank, which receives clothing and household items through donations.

    • Men’s Group: The Tungasuvvingat Inuit Men’s Group is a weekly program focusing on the many Inuit men who have little or no income, who are homeless or at risk of homelessness, and who often have substance-abuse issues. The group provides a safe and abstinent environment in which men can participate in talking circles, board-game nights, movie nights and cultural activities such as carving or drum-making.

9.7 Culture, Youth, Elders, Sports, Recreation and Health Programming

  • Cultural Education

    Cultural Education Programming offers accessible, community-based, culturally relevant activities for Inuit and the community at large. The program is designed to develop traditional Inuit skills and knowledge. Tungasuvvingat Inuit’s cultural presentations also inform the general public about Inuit heritage and traditional lifestyle in a way that is both educational and entertaining.

  • Youth Community Action Program (YCAP)

    The YCAP project is a youth-driven program that works with community Elders to celebrate Inuit culture and traditions. Youth learn about traditions from our Elders and then relate the knowledge gained back to the community in a medium of their choosing, leaving a lasting legacy for the community and future generations.

  • Children and Youth Strategy

    Children and Youth Strategy is a mechanism to consult with the Inuit community on a new Aboriginal Children and Youth Strategy that will identify principles and actions to transform the way the Ministry of Community and Youth Services delivers services to our community.

  • Youth in Transition (YIT)

    The YIT program provides supports to help young people currently involved in and soon-to-be leaving the care of CAS. TI’s YIT Worker helps youth to connect with educational, employment, housing, life skills, mental health and other supports in their communities, and supports them in navigating the transition from care to adulthood.

  • Elders’ Programming

    Tungasuvvingat Inuit’s Elder program enables our elders to remain active and engaged in community life by sharing their skills, experience and knowledge with each other and the wider community. Tungasuvvingat Inuit promotes and honours our seniors as valuable assets to our community. Our project empowered and encouraged our Elders to share their traditional knowledge and skills through various experiences related to seasonal activities, with the results being incorporated into a calendar of traditional knowledge.

  • Sports and Recreation and Health Promotion

    Tungasuvvingat Inuit’s Sports and Recreation Program and Health Promotion Program focus on health education and awareness to support healthy lifestyle choices. The programs apply to Inuit of all ages and works in partnership with Tungasuvvingat Inuit’s other support services programs. Services aim at empowering participants with the knowledge and resources required to live a healthy lifestyle through diet and physical activity.


If you have any questions, please contact the Aboriginal Justice Strategy at